Friday, October 31, 2008

Osage Orange

Click on the picture to enlarge for a better look at the Osage oranges still hanging in the tree. For even better pictures check out this Chicago area blogger .


This native north american tree is still fairly common in our area. Unique enough to have been allowed to go on growing in many areas but messy enough to keep todays homeowners from planting anew it is fairly well known in these parts.

I have read that this tree grew originally only in Texas, Arkansas and Oklahoma.
First native americans then later farmers spread the osage orange tree across the plains states. The wood is very hard and rot resistant making it useful for bows,utensils,tools and other wooden items. The farmer grew hedges of osage orange that were thick and tall with thorns which kept in livestock. Then found further use for the trees wood as fence posts that seemed to last forever when barbed wired took over as fencing and the hedges were cut down.

Some wildlife, like squirrels, find the seed of osage orange quite tasty.The seeds are said to be edible by humans as well but are hard to extract.The pulp and other parts are not to be eaten.

For more information...
Selecting Trees For Your Home UIUC
Osage Orange, Hedgeapple/Maclura pomifera

Missouri Conservationist Osage
excerpt...
Osage orange is the best native wood for fence posts. It is one of the heaviest woods in North America and rates at the top for resistance to weathering. Anti-fungal and anti-oxidant compounds that protect the wood from decay have been identified in the heartwood. The outer sapwood is thin, so even small-diameter posts have a high proportion of heartwood. Osage orange posts set 50 years ago are still standing strong.

And lots of pictures...
Osage Orange

The tree's native range was a small area in western Arkansas, southern Oklahoma and parts of east Texas. But early explorers, like Marquette and Joliet, did find the trees growing near Osage Indian villages. And it was from the branch wood of the Osage orange tree that the Indians made their highly prized bows.


How To Build A Bow .

Osage Orange/Maclura pomifera ...

Dioecious - having unisexual reproductive units with male and female plants occurring on different individuals;
they are either gynoecious (female plants) or androecious (male plants).

Female plants that occur without male plants near, produce seedless fruits.
Males do not produce fruit only pollen.

Maclura pomifera/Osage Orange is wind pollinated.




Osage Orange-form in winter

Todays post inspired by Defining Your Home Garden

6 Comments:

Blogger EAL said...

I often buy the bumpy green fruits of this tree for decorative purposes. I really like them. I rarely see it growing around WNY though.

31/10/08 8:45 PM  
Blogger Defining Your Home said...

Thank you for sharing more indepth information about the osage orange! There's much history about the usefulness of the tree.

Cameron

1/11/08 1:34 PM  
Blogger tina said...

They grow here in Tennessee too. Quite an interesting tree. Cameron sent me over.

1/11/08 11:26 PM  
Blogger Gloria said...

EAL,I have seen several pictures this year using the osage orange as a decorative element. At "A Larrapin Garden" there is a picture taken at a botanic garden that has several large osage fruit in a garden setting. It is really nice.
http://larrapin.blogspot.com/2008/09/walkaround-at-botanical-garden-of.html

Cameron, during a google search it was good to see some people still taking advantage of the trees hardwood.

Tina,yes a very interesting tree. I saw that at the University here in Illinois the fruitless trees were recommended. I find it so sad that a clear lawn is wiping out any chance of homeowners growing the many trees that have interest beyond the leaves and shade.

3/11/08 9:16 AM  
Blogger Annie in Austin said...

It's so long since I saw one, Gloria! A few Osage Orange trees grew in a park near our old house in Illinois. I used to grab some before the park mowers chopped them up.

I haven't seen any Osage Oranges in our current neighborhood, but read about a town in Texas named Bois d'Arc. That's another name people gave this tree, meaning "wood of the bow".

Annie at the Transplantable Rose

13/11/08 7:20 PM  
Anonymous wholesale nurseries said...

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14/10/09 3:58 PM  

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